Selected Accomplishments as Secretary of the Interior

1961
Arranged for Robert Frost to read from his poetry at President Kennedy’s Inauguration.

Established Cape Cod, Massachusetts, as a national seashore.

1962
Established the Bureau of Outdoor Recreation to coordinate all federal outdoor programs.

1963
Published his first book, The Quiet Crisis, which traces the American environmental attitudes and practices and became a number one best seller.

1964
President Johnson signed The Wilderness Bill on September 3, creating a national wilderness preservation system of 9.2 million acres of federal land, mostly in the West.

The Land and Water Conservation Fund was established to help local, state, and federal agencies acquire new park lands.

1965
Ellis Island was added to the Liberty Island National Monument.

Assateague Island, located in Maryland and Virginia, and Fire Island in New York were established as national seashores.

Established Canyonlands, located in the heart of the Colorado Plateau, Utah, as a national park.

President Johnson signed the Water Quality Act of 1965.

1966
Established Guadalupe Mountains, Texas, as a national park.

Established Cape Lookout, a series of islands extending 55 miles along the Outer Banks, North Carolina, as a national seashore.

Established Indiana Dunes and Pictured Rocks, both on Lake Michigan, as national lakeshores.

The National Historic Preservation Act was signed by President Johnson.

1967
Dedication of Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site, Arizona.

Live theater returns to Ford’s Theatre, Washington, D.C., after more than a century of silence.

1968
Established Padre Island, Texas, as a national seashore.

President Johnson signed the Wild and Scenic Rivers Bill and National Trails Bill and Central Arizona Project legislation.

Established North Cascades National Park (Washington) and Redwood National Park (California).

Published 1976: Agenda for Tomorrow. Udall posited that cities be considered as environments and suggested that cleaning urban areas become a national project. In that book, Udall foresaw the potential dangers of global warming, writing:

Our technology is now pervasive enough to produce changes in world climate, even as inadvertent side effects, which could melt enough of the world's glaciers to cause the inundation of all coastal cities.

Stewart Udall: Advocate for the Earth
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